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The ages of consent vary by jurisdiction across Europe. The ages of consent are currently set . Limited by age: younger partner is deemed able to consent to having sex with an .. with the assistance of the person of a child of either sex, aged less than sixteen, shall be punished by imprisonment (of five years to ten years). Health Visit. Jun;47(6) Sex under sixteen. [No authors listed]. PMID: ; [Indexed for MEDLINE]. MeSH terms. Adolescent; Humans; Illegitimacy​. Raising the age of consent tries to make young teens off-limits.

According to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control, 53% of eleventh graders, a majority of whom. They're funny — even in movies as sweet and romantic as Sixteen Sixteen Candles isn't a college sex romp like Revenge of the Nerds or. Rose: The Year I Turned Sixteen (The Year I Turned 16 Book 1). by Diane Schwemm | Sold by: Simon and Schuster Digital Sales Inc | Jul

Health Visit. Jun;47(6) Sex under sixteen. [No authors listed]. PMID: ; [Indexed for MEDLINE]. MeSH terms. Adolescent; Humans; Illegitimacy​. According to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control, 53% of eleventh graders, a majority of whom. The ages of consent vary by jurisdiction across Europe. The ages of consent are currently set . Limited by age: younger partner is deemed able to consent to having sex with an .. with the assistance of the person of a child of either sex, aged less than sixteen, shall be punished by imprisonment (of five years to ten years).






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If legislation tabled last week by Justice Minister Vic Toews passes in the fall, Canada will have a new age of consent—with a new name. Where they differ is on how best to achieve this.

The CWLC supported amendments to the Criminal Code last year allowing consent of a person under 18 to be nullified if a judge determines the person was exploited.

Dudding says with proper implementation, these amendments could provide the necessary protection while capturing the complexities of child development and human relationships.

But John Muise, a year veteran police officer and currently with the Canadian Centre of Abuse Awareness, says they remain subjective. Many age-of-consent skeptics see education-health information, self-esteem, and negotiating skills—as the key to helping youth stay safe. Reid has seen very vulnerable youth turn to exploitive relationships for survival, but even teens with multiple resources are susceptible to intense feelings early in adolescence, a time when the need for adult attention is as strong as emerging sexual feelings.

Browse Issues Search Subscribe Now. Click to View Article Pages. This could be because evangelicals are also among the most likely to believe that using contraception will send the message that they are looking for sex.

More provocatively, Regnerus found that only half of sexually active teen-agers who say that they seek guidance from God or the Scriptures when making a tough decision report using contraception every time. By contrast, sixty-nine per cent of sexually active youth who say that they most often follow the counsel of a parent or another trusted adult consistently use protection.

The gulf between sexual belief and sexual behavior becomes apparent, too, when you look at the outcomes of abstinence-pledge movements. Nationwide, according to a estimate, some two and a half million people have taken a pledge to remain celibate until marriage.

Sometimes, they make their vows at big rallies featuring Christian pop stars and laser light shows, or at purity balls, where girls in frothy dresses exchange rings with their fathers, who vow to help them remain virgins until the day they marry.

More than half of those who take such pledges—which, unlike abstinence-only classes in public schools, are explicitly Christian—end up having sex before marriage, and not usually with their future spouse. The movement is not the complete washout its critics portray it as: pledgers delay sex eighteen months longer than non-pledgers, and have fewer partners.

This could be because more teens pledge in communities where they perceive more danger from sex in which case the pledge is doing some good ; or it could be because fewer people in these communities use condoms when they break the pledge. Pledgers apparently gather strength from the sense that they are an embattled minority; once their numbers exceed thirty per cent, and proclaimed chastity becomes the norm, that special identity is lost. Religious belief apparently does make a potent difference in behavior for one group of evangelical teen-agers: those who score highest on measures of religiosity—such as how often they go to church, or how often they pray at home.

Close-knit families make a difference. Teen-agers who live with both biological parents are more likely to be virgins than those who do not. And adolescents who say that their families understand them, pay attention to their concerns, and have fun with them are more likely to delay intercourse, regardless of religiosity. To the chagrin of her youth pastor, and many of her neighbors, Knox eventually becomes an activist for comprehensive sex education. Devout Republicans, her parents end up driving her around town to make speeches that would have curled their hair before their daughter started making them.

Like other American teens, young evangelicals live in a world of Internet porn, celebrity sex scandals, and raunchy reality TV, and they have the same hormonal urges that their peers have. Yet they come from families and communities in which sexual life is supposed to be forestalled until the first night of a transcendent honeymoon.

This clash of cultures and norms is felt most poignantly in the so-called Bible Belt. Among blue-state social liberals, commitment to the institution of marriage tends to be unspoken or discreet, but marriage in practice typically works pretty well. In , the states with the highest divorce rates were Nevada, Arkansas, Wyoming, Idaho, and West Virginia all red states in the election ; those with the lowest were Illinois, Massachusetts, Iowa, Minnesota, and New Jersey.

Article 2 prohibits sexual acts with a Juvenile under 18 when there is an abuse of trust or authority:. Previously Article 71 defined "Child" as a person under 14 , while article 72 defined "Juvenile" as a person under These articles were deleted in the amended code. Prior to , sodomy was illegal, the age of consent only applied to females and sexual contact with a female between the ages of 13 and 16 was a misdemeanor.

As of , the age of consent is set at 16 for both males and females, sexual contact with any child under 16 regardless of gender is a felony and the ban on sodomy is lifted, thereby legalizing homosexual sex. Even though one may be found guilty of violating the age of consent code, if those involved are "about equal as regards age and development", the court can exercise its own discretion to suspend passing a sentence. Sexual relations between two women was never explicitly criminalized, but have been prosecuted under the general indecency law of the Civil Penal Code of The ban on sex between men, which also outlawed cohabitation [93] as well as sex with animals, was repealed in [94] [95] bestiality having been recriminalized in [96].

According to the Svalbard Treaty, Norwegian law is applied as the minimum standard. The age of consent in Poland is 15 , as specified by the Polish Penal Code, Article , which reads:.

The same punishment shall be imposed on anyone, who records pornographic material with the participation of such a person. However, if the person is 13 years old or 14 years old and married abroad sexual intercourse is legal, because such person is not a minor by the Polish Civil Code and Family and Guardianship Code. Age of majority. An adult is any individual who has attained eighteen years of age. A minor becomes an adult on marriage. He does not lose that status in the event of the marriage being annulled.

Poland never imposed laws against homosexuality. However, in homosexuality was criminalised by the laws of occupying countries see Partitions of Poland.

In the first Polish Criminal Code after regaining independence was introduced, making the age of consent of 15 for sexual acts, regardless of sexual orientation. In , it was reported that it may become a criminal offence to teach teenagers about condom benefits or to suggest that homosexuality is acceptable. Art of the Portuguese Penal Code establishes the age of consent as 14 , regardless of gender or sexual orientation, but Art forbids sexual relations between adults and adolescents aged 14 to 16 if it can be said the adult took advantage of the adolescent's inexperience, and Art limits it further, forbidding sexual relations with youth aged 16 to 18 by adults entrusted with their education or assistance.

Anyone who engages in a major sexual act with or under 14 years of age, or causes him to do it with another person, is punished with imprisonment from one to eight years.

If the sexual act of relief consists of copulation, anal intercourse, oral intercourse or vaginal or anal introduction of body parts or objects, the agent is punished with imprisonment of three to ten years.

Whoever commits the acts described in the preceding paragraph for profit is punished with imprisonment from six months to five years. Those who practice or lead to practice the act described in paragraphs 1 or 2 of the previous article, relative to a minor between 14 and 18 years of age entrusted to him or her for education or assistance, shall be punished with imprisonment from one to eight years.

Whoever commits an act described in paragraph 3 of the previous article, in relation to the minor understood in the previous paragraph of this article and under the conditions described therein, shall be punished with imprisonment of up to one year.

Whoever commits the acts described in the preceding paragraph for profit is punished with imprisonment for up to 5 years. Who, being older, engages in a major sexual act between the ages of 14 and 16, or causes it to be practiced by him with others, abusing his inexperience, is punished with imprisonment for up to 2 years.

If the sexual act of relief consists of copulation, oral intercourse, anal intercourse or vaginal or anal introduction of body parts or objects, the agent is punished with imprisonment for up to 3 years. Since September , the age of consent was formally equalised as part of the Penal Code of September Although the age of consent is stipulated at 14 in Portugal, the legality of sexual acts with a minor between 14 and 16 is open to legal interpretation since the law states that it is illegal to perform a sexual act with an adolescent between 14 and 16 years old "by taking advantage of their inexperience".

They were decriminalised a second time in and an age of consent was set at 16, in line with heterosexual activities. In , a new Penal Code was introduced with "different circumstances" for different sexual behaviours. Since September , the age of consent, regardless of sexual behaviour, gender or sexual orientation, is 14 [ citation needed ].

The new Romanian Criminal Code, [] which came into force on 1 February , sets a general age of consent of However, sexual acts that do not include penetration may be performed from age There is also a close-in-age exemption: the sexual acts are not punished if the age difference between the partners is less than 3 years. The law sets several other restrictions in regard to children under it is illegal for an adult to perform sexual acts in view of such a child; to show pornographic materials to such a child or to induce the child to view sex shows ; or to solicit such a child to meet for sexual acts such as on-line solicitation.

In addition, it is illegal for an adult to engage in acts of sexual penetration with an adolescent under 18, if the adult abuses the authority or influence they have over the minor in order to gain the sexual access.

The relevant articles of the Criminal Code are Art. All these laws are gender neutral and apply regardless of the sexual orientation of those involved. For a very long time, the age of consent in Romania was The Penal Code of , which followed shortly after the union of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia , and was in force between and , set an age of consent of Under this code, Article read: "Any assault against decency, whether completed or attempted, without violence, upon the person of a child, either male or female, aged less than 14 years, shall be punished with imprisonment between two and three years.

Article read: "The man who has sexual intercourse with a girl under 14 years of age commits the offense of assault against decency without violence, and is punishable by imprisonment between one and three years.

With regard to rape article the victim being under 14 constituted an aggravating factor. Nevertheless, the age of consent of 14 was maintained. Article of the code read: "Sexual intercourse with a female person who has not attained the age of 14 is punishable by imprisonment of one to five years. The late s and the early 21st century saw major modifications to the criminal code, in an effort to modify what was seen as outdated provisions, especially as Romania prepared to enter the EU. As such, homosexuality was decriminalized, the text of several criminal offences was modified by making it gender-neutral, the age of consent was lifted to 15 applicable to both girls and boys , punishments for several sexual crimes were increased, and the stipulation that a rapist could avoid punishment after rape if he married his victim was abolished.

Changes were made through Law no. Nevertheless, the rapid adoption of numerous laws led to poorly drafted and contradictory texts, which have caused difficulty among the jurisprudence and doctrine, and several cases ended to the High Court of Cassation and Justice in order to clarify the interpretation of the law. The age of consent in Russia is The age of consent changed several times in Russian history: the Criminal Code of RSFSR Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic stated "sexual maturity" as the age of consent; [] [] [] when the Criminal Code of Russia was adopted in , the age of consent was proclaimed to be the same regardless of sexual orientation and was set to 16 years old; [] in it was lowered to 14 years; [] and in it was returned again to 16 years [] which is the current age of consent in Russia.

Law of early tightened the consent laws in Articles and considerably. However, only a person over 18 can be charged.

Charges are relatively low up to 4 years of prison - regardless of gender - and "obscene actions" have even less charges. If the victim is not understanding the nature and consequences of the act due to their age being under 12 or mental abilities , it will be considered rape and charged much more severely up to 15 years of prison, or up to 20 if the victim is under Sexual intercourse committed by a person who has reached the age of eighteen years with a person who has not reached the age of sixteen years - shall be punishable by obligatory labour for a term of up to hours, or by restriction of liberty for a term of up to four years, or by compulsory labour for a term of up to four years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to ten years.

Pederasty or lesbianism in respect of a person who has not reached sixteen years of age effected by a person who has reached eighteen years of age - shall be punishable by compulsory labour for a term of up to five years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to six years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to ten years.

The deeds stipulated by Part One and Two of this Article committed to a person who has reached twelve years of age but has not reached fourteen years of age - shall be punishable with deprivation of freedom for a term of three to ten years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to fifteen years and with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years or without such.

The deeds stipulated by Parts One, Two or Three of this Article committed in respect of two or more persons - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to fifteen years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to twenty years. The deeds provided for by Parts One, Two, Three or Four of this article made by a group of persons, by a group of persons by previous concert or by an organised group - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of twelve to twenty years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to twenty years and with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years or without such.

The deeds provided for by Part Three of this article made by a person with a previous conviction for having committed an offence against sexual integrity of a minor - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of fifteen to twenty years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to twenty years or by life imprisonment.

Where the age difference between the victim and the accused person is less than four years, the latter shall not be punishable by deprivation of liberty for the committed deed provided for by Part One of this article or by Part One of Article of this Code.

The commission of lecherous actions without using violence by a person who has reached eighteen years of age in respect of a person who has not reached sixteen years of age - shall be punishable by obligatory labour for a term of up to hours, or by restriction of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by compulsory labour for a term of up to five years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to ten years.

The same deed committed in respect of the person who has reached twelve years of age but has not reached fourteen years of age - shall be punishable with deprivation of freedom for a term of three to eight years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to fifteen years and with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years or without such. The deeds provided for by Parts One or Two of this article made in respect of two or more persons - shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to twelve years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to twenty years.

The acts stipulated by Parts one, two or three of this Article committed by a group of persons in preliminary collusion or by an organised group - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of seven to fifteen years with or without deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or to be engaged in a certain activity for a period of up to twenty years and with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years or without such.

The deed provided for by Part Two of this article which is made by the person who has a previous conviction for having committed an offence against sexual integrity of a minor -. Illicit Sexual Relations or Other Sexual Actions with a Person Who Has Not Reached 16 Years of Age Illicit sexual relations, pederasty, or lesbianism, committed by a person who has reached 18 years of age with a person who obviously has not reached 16 years of age, shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years.

Depraved Actions Commission of depraved actions without the use of violence by the person who has reached the age of 18 years in relations to a person who obviously has not reached 16 years of age, shall be punishable by a fine in the amount up to thousand roubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period up to two years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

Illicit Sexual Relations or Other Sexual Actions with a Person Who Has Not Attained 14 Years of Age Illicit sexual relations, pederasty, or lesbianism, committed by a person who has attained 18 years of age with a person who obviously has not attained 14 years of age, shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years.

Depraved Actions Commission of depraved actions without the use of violence, in relations to a person who obviously has not attained 14 years of age, shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of to minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of three to five months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

The penalty for having sex with a minor is not always applied. For example, in , Valentina Isaeva gave birth to a girl in Moscow, Russia at the age of 11 years, 10 months. The child's father was sentenced conditionally for child abuse but was not jailed because he was willing to support Valentina and their daughter.

The age of consent in San Marino is 14 , per Article The age of consent in Serbia is 14 , regardless of sexual orientation or gender. This is regulated by Chapter 18 Sexual Offences of the Penal Code of the Republic of Serbia and especially Article prohibiting sexual intercourse with a child. Article defines a child as a person under 14 years of age. Article prohibits sexual intercourse with a juvenile defined in Article as a person under 18 if the juvenile is entrusted for learning, tutoring, guardianship or care.

Article furthermore forbids cohabitation with a minor person under 18 unless a marriage is conducted. From to , sexual acts between men of any age was a criminal offence in Serbia, although the law has never been applied. Then in , the age of consent was 18 just for anal sex between males; any male performing anal sexual conduct with another male, is punishable by up to 1 year in prison, 16 for all other sexual conduct.

Since , an equal age of consent came into force, regardless of sexual orientation or gender - This is regulated by the section of the Penal Code of the Republic of Serbia stating that "lewd acts" between a male adult and a male under the age of 16 is punishable by imprisonment from 1 to 8 years. There is no specific reference to "lewd acts" between two females of the same offence. The province of Vojvodina , a northern province of Serbia, had decriminalized homosexuality in [ citation needed ] , thus effectively making an equal age of consent for any sexual practice regardless of sex or gender.

This lasted until Vojvodina lost its law-making power in The age limit of sexual acts in Slovakia is 15 , as specified by the Slovak Criminal Code, Section Any person, who has sexual intercourse with a person less than fifteen years of age or who subjects such person to other sexual abuse, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of three to ten years.

The history before within Czechoslovakia is commons with the Czech Republic. Until , homosexual acts were prohibited, however the Criminal Code of that year decriminalised such behaviour partially. However, under Paragraph , the age limit of restriction for homosexual acts was set at 18, besides the general limit 15 years.

In , the whole Paragraph was repealed and the age limit became 15 for all. The age of consent in Slovenia is 15 , as specified by the Slovenian Penal Code, Article , Section 1, which reads: " 1 Whoever has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person of the same or opposite sex under the age of fifteen 15 years where there is a marked discrepancy between the maturity of the perpetrator and that of the victim shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six 6 months and not more than five 5 years.

Until , male homosexual acts were prohibited, as was the case in all of former Yugoslavia. A new Penal Code was introduced in , which decriminalised homosexual acts and all discriminatory provisions were removed. In , the age of consent was set at 14 for all acts. In , the code was amended to raise the age of consent to 15 years and added the condition for "a marked discrepancy between the maturity of the perpetrator and that of the victim'".

The age of consent in Spain is 16 , under a new law which came into effect on 1 July The age of consent rises to 18 if there is deception or abuse of a recognized position of trust, authority or influence over the minor. Historically, the age of consent was usually twelve in the Christian kingdoms of Iberia.

A new Penal Code was introduced in Spain in which specified an age of consent of 12 for all sexual acts, but this was raised to 13 in and to 16 in Same-sex sexual acts were lawful in Spain from to , with the exception of the offence of "unusual or outrageous indecent acts with same-sex persons" between the years and In Adolfo Suarez 's government reversed the prohibition of homosexual acts in that law.

The age of fifteen is referred to several times, for example in Section 4, which reads: "A person who has sexual intercourse with a child under fifteen years of age or who with such a child carries out another sexual act that, having regard to the nature of the violation and the circumstances in general, is comparable to sexual intercourse, shall be sentenced for rape of a child to imprisonment for at least two and at most six years. There is a position of trust rule in which the age of consent is raised to The section mentioned above continues: "The same applies to the person who carries out an act referred to in the first paragraph to a child more than fifteen years of age but less than eighteen years of age and who is offspring to the perpetrator or in the perpetrator's care or in a similar relationship to the perpetrator, or for whose care or guardianship the perpetrator is responsible due to the decision of a government agency.

It is not legal to have sexual intercourse with related adults either, but the sentences for that up to two years are considerably milder than those for rape of a child two to six years, four to ten years if aggravated. There is also a close in age exception Chapter 6, Section 14 " Case B []. The Swedish age of consent also applies if the act takes place outside Sweden but the elder person later goes to Sweden.

The elder person doesn't have to be a Swedish citizen or resident, but could be a tourist on a temporary visit. This is regardless of the age of consent in the country where the act took place. Homosexual acts, both between men and between women, were prohibited in Sweden since , then in homosexual acts became legal - but with a higher age of consent of 18 21 if the younger part was in a situation of dependency than for heterosexual acts, which was always set at The age of consent was finally equalized to 15 regardless of sexual orientation in Pornography laws were softened in the s.

However, there exists a close-in-age exception if the difference between the ages of the participants is three years or less Article 2. The age of consent in Turkey is the age of majority set at 18 as per Article 11 of the Turkish Civil Code. However, if the offender is a person who is forbidden to marry the child by law or is a person who is obliged to take care of the child due to adoption or foster care, then the prosecution doesn't require a complaint and the punishment is aggravated.

Article regulates any kind of sexual activity with minors under 15 or minors under 18 who lack the ability to understand the legal meanings and consequences of such actions as child sexual abuse. The Ottoman Empire , a predecessor state to the Republic of Turkey , decriminalized sodomy in The age of consent in Turkey was set at 15 for both heterosexual and homosexual sex in the penal code, but this was raised to 18 in The new penal code of also set the age of consent for both heterosexual and homosexual sex at 18, with some differences, such as the act of having sexual intercourse with a minor over 15 being punishable upon a complaint.

The age of consent in Ukraine is 16 since Article states that sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 16 committed by a person over the age of 18 shall be punishable. The law no longer makes reference to the concept of "sexual maturity", which existed in the former legislative framework. UK national age of consent legislation does not apply to its dependencies, but they all have it set as The age of consent in England and Wales is 16 regardless of sexual orientation or gender, as specified by the Sexual Offences Act The vast majority of law relating to sexual offences in the England and Wales is laid out in legislation under the Sexual Offences Act , of which contains upwards of sections, of which around 70 of those sections relate directly to sexual offences.

The main sections of the act that relate to sexual offences regarding children are sections The main 3 sections that relate to sexual activity with persons under 16 or under 13 are,.

Any person who engages in sexual intercourse with a person under the age 16 could be prosecuted. However this therefore means that even sexual intercourse between willing people of a similar age i.

A 16 year old and a 15 year old could result in the older person being liable for prosecution for committing a sexual offence. Because of this, when the Sexual Offences Act was created, separate sections of the act were put in place to be used on how to appropriately prosecute a person who had sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 16, depending on exactly how young a person under the age of 16 was at time the sexual intercourse took place. This therefore maintained a "two-tier" cut off age system regarding sexual intercourse when it involved a person under the age of Currently this depends on whether a younger person was Under 16 or Under 13 at the time of the sexual intercourse taking place, with the latter being automatically overall illegal, and the former still being illegal, but with defences due to the younger person's older age, more flexibility in sentencing and flexibility overall whether to prosecute or not based on individual case.

The age of a younger person matters substantially as under the Sexual Offences Act any sexual intercourse or any type of sexual activity with a person under the age of 13 is strictly illegal, with rape, assault by penetration and incitement offences carrying a maximum sentence of life imprisonment, and other non-penetration offences carrying a maximum sentence of 14 years depending on case.

However, if person A is over the age of 18 and is in a position of trust to person B who is under the age of 18, it is illegal for A to engage in sexual activity with B. The age of consent for heterosexual acts in England was set at 12 in during the reign of Edward I.

Therefore, there was technically no age of consent for the male participant. In medieval Welsh law there was no actual equivalent of the concept of the age of consent as such, but a girl was marriageable at 12—14 the onset of puberty and a fine was payable for the taking of a girl's maidenhood by force; the rules varied according to status and may not have been applied rigidly to commoners. A concern that young girls were being sold into brothels led Parliament to raise the age of consent to 13 in under the Offences against the Person Act After W.

Anal intercourse, both male-male and male-female, had been illegal and punishable by death since the Buggery Act In , parliament passed the Offences against the Person Act , which abolished the death penalty for anal intercourse.

The Criminal Law Amendment Act extended buggery laws to outlaw any kind of sexual activity between males. Male homosexual acts were decriminalised under the Sexual Offences Act , Section 1, although the age of consent for such acts was set at 21, whereas the age of consent for heterosexual acts was However, this particular legislation applied only in England and Wales.

In , on the second reading of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act , the Conservative Member of Parliament Edwina Currie introduced an amendment to lower the age of consent for homosexual acts to 16, in line with that for heterosexual acts; the amendment was defeated by votes to A compromise amendment that lowered the age of consent to 18 was accepted by votes to Also during the readings were motions to equalise the age of consent to 17 for all, to maintain the age of consent for homosexual acts to 21, and a further attempt to lower the age of consent to 16, all of which were rejected.

In , the European Court of Human Rights case of Sutherland v United Kingdom held that a higher age of consent for homosexuals than for heterosexuals was a breach of Article 14 in conjunction with Article 8 of the Convention. In response, the Government introduced the Crime and Disorder Bill that contained a provision lowering the age of consent for homosexual acts to Though accepted by the House of Commons, the provision was rejected by the House of Lords.

The Sexual Offences Amendment Bill, introduced in , contained a similar provision, but once again it was rejected by the House of Lords. The Bill was reintroduced in and, despite opposition from the House of Lords, was passed under the Parliament Act which allows the House of Commons to overrule the House of Lords under certain circumstances. As the Scottish Parliament had been established prior to the reintroduction of the Bill, and the relevant legislation was a devolved issue, the consent of that Parliament under the Sewel Convention was required — had that consent not been granted, the Scottish provisions would have had to be removed and it would not have been possible to use the Parliament Act.

The Sexual Offences Amendment Act , became law in January throughout the UK, and thus equalized, regardless of gender, the age of consent at 16 for both heterosexual and homosexual acts including, for the first time, lesbian acts , except those taking place between a 16—17 year old and someone "in a position of trust" e.

The Sexual Offences Act officially ended the concept of buggery in British law, as technically, heterosexual anal intercourse had still been illegal until the passing of this law.

The passing of this law meant that there was no legal difference made between vaginal and anal intercourse, as well as sexual touching and newly added oral penetration and penetration by other body parts than penis or anything else. The Act also raised the legal age for pornography and prostitution from 16 to There have been various suggestions to lower the age of consent to 14 — in the New Labour government proposed this, but despite some Left wing and Youth support this had been dropped by early as lacking support, a decade later in early the suggestion by civil servants to lower the age of consent to 14 was rejected by the Conservative led coalition as offensive at least under some circumstances and attention was drawn to the impact of recent scandals on the reception to any proposals.

Since 1 December , the age of consent in Scotland is 16 , regardless of sexual orientation or gender. However, consensual sex with a girl aged between 13 and 16 is not rape , but a lesser offence; on 1 December this has been given the specific name of "having intercourse with an older child".

Aged between 13 and 16 does not include 16, however.